프란시스 선교원 교회,
Francisco de Asis Mission Church, NM:
뉴멕시코 주 타오스 (Taos)에서 약 4 마일 남서쪽에 있는 (주소: 60
St Francis Plaza, Ranchos de Taos, NM)
어도비 양식의 건물이다. 이 건물에서 벽을 뚫고 나온 나무 대들보(Vigas)를 보는데 이는 특수 역할이 있는 것이 아니고 대개는 장식용이다.
이 지역의 교회로 쓰이고 있다. 많은 유명한 그림과 사진의 모델로, 여 화가 오키프(Georgia
O'Keeffe)는 여러 장의 그림을 그렸고,
Adams)라는 유명한 사진작가도 이 교회의 사진을 촬영했다.
내부를 보지 못했다. 오키프(Georgia
O'Keeffe) 박물관에 갔지만 이곳에서 사진 찍는 것이 허락되지 않았다.
어도비: 진흙에 짧은 밀대나 풀 따위를 섞어서 찍어낸 후 볕에
말린 벽돌이 어도비(흙벽돌)이다.
또는 어도비 벽돌로 지은 건물(담)을 뜻하기도 한다. 미
남서부 지역뿐 아니라 스페인, 서부 아프리카 등지에서도 어도비 양식의 건물을 본다.
Viga :(미남서부 스페인 식 가옥의) 큰 대들보. 미남서부의 어도비 건축에서 벽을 뚫고 나온 나무 대들보를 보는데 이는 특수 역할이 있는
것이 아니고 대개는 장식용이다.
교회 사진. The Church.
교회의 앞면. Front of the Church.
교회의 측면: 벽을
뚫고 나온 나무 대들보. Wooden beams or Vigas protruding outside.
교회 근처에는 상점, 미술관, 식당 등이 있다. Surrounding the church are shops, galleries, trading
posts, and restaurants - all housed in old adobe buildings as well.
Francisco de Asis Mission Church is a church built between 1772 and
1816 by Franciscan Fathers and its patron is Saint Francis of Assisi. It is
located on the plaza in Ranchos de Taos, itself a historic district named
Ranchos de Taos Plaza, about four miles southwest of the town of Taos, New
Church continues to this day to be a place of worship and an integral part of
was the subject of paintings by Georgia O'Keeffe, and photographs by Ansel
Adams and Paul Strand. Georgia O'Keeffe described it as, "one of the most
beautiful buildings left in the United States by the early Spaniards." It was
declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970. It is also designated as a World
* Adobe: Is a natural building material made from sand, clay, water, and some
kind of fibrous or organic material (sticks, straw, and/or manure), which the
builders shape into bricks using frames and dry in the sun. Adobe buildings are
similar to cob and mudbrick buildings. Adobe structures are extremely durable
and account for some of the oldest existing buildings in the world. In hot
climates, compared with wooden buildings, adobe buildings offer significant
advantages due to their greater thermal mass, but they are known to be
particularly susceptible to earthquake damage.
made of sun-dried earth are common in the West Asia, North Africa, West Africa,
South America, southwestern North America, and Spain, East Europe and East
Anglia, particularly Norfolk known as 'clay lump'. Adobe had been in use by
indigenous peoples of the Americas in the Southwestern United States,
Mesoamerica, and the Andean region of South America for several thousand years,
although often substantial amounts of stone are used in the walls of Pueblo
buildings. (Also, the Pueblo people built their adobe structures with handfuls
or basketfuls of adobe, until the Spanish introduced them to the making of
bricks.) Adobe brickmaking was used in Spain already in the Late Bronze Age and
Iron Age, from the eighth century B.C. on. Its wide use can be attributed to its
simplicity of design and make, and the cheapness thereby in creating it. A
distinction is sometimes made between the smaller adobes, which are about the
size of ordinary baked bricks, and the larger adobines, some of which may be one
to two yards (2 m) long. (From Wikipedia).
* Vigas are wooden beams characteristic of older adobe construction in the
southwestern United States of America, and commonly encountered for ornamental
rather than functional purposes in Pueblo Revival Style architecture. They are
significant in the archaeology of the American Southwest, because construction
techniques used by ancestral Puebloan peoples have left both intact vigas in
some structures, and distinctive holes in cliff faces where cliff dwellings were
constructed that have subsequently been lost.
use of the viga as an ornamental, rather than weight-bearing, feature dates to
construction of public buildings in New Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. Noted
architect John Gaw Meem incorporated ornamental vigas into many of his designs.
Contemporary construction in Santa Fe, New Mexico, which is controlled by
stringent building codes, typically incorporates ornamental vigas. Older
structures that have been reconstructed (e.g. the Palace of the Governors in
Santa Fe) may contain both functional and ornamental vigas. (From